I'll deal with parts 3,4 and 5 in this post...
2. The universe had a start - what caused it?
And they end this claim with The universe has not always existed. It had a start...what caused that? Scientists have no explanation for the sudden explosion of light and matter.
Stephen Hawking says:The ideas which had grown over two thousand years of observation have had to be radically revised. In less than a hundred years, we have found a new way to think of ourselves. From sitting at the center of the universe, we now find ourselves orbiting an average-sized sun, which is just one of millions of stars in our own Milky Way galaxy. And our galaxy itself is just one of billions of galaxies, in a universe that is infinite and expanding. But this is far from the end of a long history of inquiry. Huge questions remain to be answered, before we can hope to have a complete picture of the universe we live in.
Does this mean that when we don’t know the answer, we should simply say “God did it!” When a child, for no apparent reason, develops a fatal illness, is it God’s fault? Does it matter why things happen? Sometimes it does, which is the reason that scientists continue to seek for the reason for the ‘big bang.” Just brushing it aside with “God caused it to happen,” is to close the door on further exploration. Imagine if the first man to see that walking upright would allow him to carry his tools with him, and thereby save him having to make new ones at his next camp had refused to change the way things were done, as the believers in God would have us do? We would still be dragging our knuckles on the ground and God would never have been invented.
3. The universe operates by uniform laws of nature. Why does it?
Then they continue to appear to be citing scientific evidence to prove that these laws of nature are due to God’s design.
The whole point of accepting evolution as fact as opposed to “God did it” is because nature is not perfect. If animals, and thereby humans, had not evolved from earlier evolutions, would laryngeal nerve in giraffes, and the vas deferens in humans have deliberately been designed to take the long journey that they do?
The recurrent laryngeal nerve is a fourth branch of the vagus nerve, which is a cranial nerve. In mammals, its path is extraordinarily long. As a part of the vagus nerve, it comes from the brain, passes through the neck down to heart, rounds the dorsal aorta and returns up to the larynx, again through the neck.This path is suboptimal even for humans, but for giraffes it becomes even more suboptimal. Due to the lengths of their necks, the recurrent laryngeal nerve may be up to 4m long (13 ft), despite its optimal route being a distance of just several inches.The indirect route of this nerve is the result of evolution of mammals from fish, which had no neck and had a relatively short nerve that innervated one gill slit and passed near the gill arch. Since then, gills have evolved into lungs and the gill arch has become the dorsal aorta in mammals.
4. The DNA code informs, programs a cell's behavior.
Wow! God invented binary and made our DNA in the same way, according to creationists.
Obviously someone heard this and thought that it was an easy way to explain the complexities of DNA sequencing: “it’s just like binary, see, very simple.” Except it’s not a simple sequence of the positioning of zeros and ones. It’s a little more complex than that. Besides if God had “did it” then why didn’t he explain it to his mouthpieces instead of telling them that their children originated in their “bowels.”
You’d think that an omniscient, omnipotent, omnipresent god would know all about his creation wouldn’t you?
2 Samuel 7:12:... I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.Isaiah 49:19 Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof…
But that’s not the end of the incorrect science in the Bible, if God is all-knowing (if he exists of course), you’d think he’d know...
...that bats are not birds: Deuteronomy 14:18 And the stork, and the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.
...that rabbits (and hares) do not “chew the cud:” Leviticus 11:6 And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.
...that snails do not melt: Psalms 58:8 As a snail which melteth, let every one of them pass away...
...that fowls do not come from the ground, or water: Genesis 1:20 ...let the waters bring forth..the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth. 21:...great whales,… which the waters brought forth.
...that is would be impossible to see “all the kingdoms of the earth” no matter how high the mountain: Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
...that snakes do not “eat dirt:” Genesis 3:14:...and dust thou shalt eat all the days of thy life.
...that the earth doesn’t hang "upon nothing:" Job 26:7...and hangeth the earth upon nothing.
The DNA code, like a floppy disk of binary code, is quite simple in its basic paired structure. However, it's the sequencing and functioning of that code that's enormously complex. Through recent technologies like x-ray crystallography, we now know that the cell is not a "blob of protoplasm", but rather a microscopic marvel that is more complex than the space shuttle. The cell is very complicated, using vast numbers of phenomenally precise DNA instructions to control its every function.