This mystery led to questions about whether the Israelites actually did live in Egypt, whether the plagues were real, and whether the Exodus really happened. As has been said this week, if it can be shown that all of it is mere mythology, then the Jewish people have been celebrating Passover for a reason that does to exist.
Now modern DNA testing has revealed the origins of some of these people, most notably, the Philistines.
The new study stems from a discovery in 2013 of a cemetery with more than 200 burials contemporary with the Philistine settlement at Ashkelon just outside the ancient city walls. The cemetery, which was used during the late Iron Age, between the 11th and 8th centuries B.C., was the first Philistine burial ground ever found. The archaeologists documented burial practices that were distinct from the Philistines' Canaanite predecessors and their Egyptian neighbors. For example, in several cases, little jugs of perfume were tucked near the head of the deceased. Finding Philistine human remains also meant there might be potential to find Philistine DNA.Further:
The DNA data suggest a kernel of truth to Greek and Middle Eastern legends that describe survivors who moved south after the catastrophic collapse of great Bronze Age civilizations of the Mediterranean in the late 13th and early 12th centuries B.C.E.Biblical Philistines - archenemies of the Israelites
Will modern science allow us to finally put to bed the stories attributed to Moses.